For those of you who enjoy a bit of science while suffering should read MORTON, D. P., and R. CALLISTER. Characteristics and Etiology of exercise-related transient abdominal pain. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 32, No. 2, pp. 432-438. Is as good a place as any to begin to get up to date with what causes the stitch. Obviously you need to clarify what you are talking about . Its that sharp abdominal pain that some people get while being active. Not an aspect of needle work. (BTW ETP= exercise-related transient abdominal pain)
This study issued a questionnaire to different types of sports people and asked them about the stitch. ETAP appears to be most prevalent in activities that involve repetitive torso movement, whether ” vertical translation or longitudinal rotation”. Its normally a local pain mostly experienced in lumbar regions of the abdomen. Some unlikely people also also experience “shoulder tip pain” (STP) too, famously known as the diaphragmatic-referral site, suggesting a miffed diaphragm
Note. No one has actually done anything in this report. They havent got runers, held them down and cut them open, or ultra sounded them, or poked them with sharp sticks. All they did was to ask some people if they have had it. Thats not being a scientist, that being a pollster and a gossip
Conclusions: This gives “perspective” to suggested etiologies of ETAP, which include diaphragmatic ischemia and stress on the visceral ligaments, and suggest we should be looking at other causes such as cramp of the “musculature and irritation of the parietal peritoneum” ( who knew)
Interesting to note that the condition that is mostly associated with runners, is suffered through all sports. Its merely that runners whine more.
And the cure, after all this science?…. “factors that provoke and techniques that relieve ETAP, are not well understood” ( All that money, all those surveys, for this. Fu@%ers)
Several causes “theories” make the rounds in gyms ;ischemia of the diaphragm and stress on the visceral ligaments have gained the most credibility. Im surprised my theory about irritated pixies hasn’t got more coverage. “Further examination of the characteristics of ETAP and the stimuli that provoke it may be beneficial for evaluating the integrity of these and other theories”. Oh, and guess what, more studies, funded by the tax payer is some secret roundabout sort of way, is needed. Oh yeh!
With my Therapist and Crossfit hat on, it was interesting to note that rotational movement through the torso played a part. A lot of what we try and achieve at Crossfit is to maintain a solid “core” which acts as an anchor for the limb to swirl about. We train you to use your legs to Deadlift, while keeping your torso “locked down” Clinically we have noticed a tendency among aerobic athletes, when they come to us, to be unable to initiate a leg movement without a body movement. ( If they swing a leg it begins from the lower back, not the hip. load is lifted from the back, not the hip) in short, if every time you move you have to wiggle your core.
Thats a lot of additional movement for a biological box with lots of other stuff to do